Image by Lusign from Pixabay


  • Area: 357050 km2
  • Geographic position: between the northern latitude 47 degrees 12 ‘and 54 degrees 55’ and the east longitude 5 degrees 53 ‘and 15 degrees 2’
  • Population: 81075000
  • Population density: 218 inhabitants / km2
  • The capital and the largest city: Berlin (3437900 inhabitants)
  • Official language: German
  • Imported products: cars, metals, crude oil, textiles, food
  • Products exported: cars, chemicals, vehicles, consumer products, coal, textiles
  • National currency: Euro
  • Gross domestic product (GDP): 1850810 million US dollars
  • Form of state: federal republic


The eastern third of Germany is occupied by the German Plain, located east of Belgium. Near the shore of the Baltic Sea, the field is sandy and unobtrusive, sometimes covered by rocky sediment. The southern part has loess patches of soil, especially the Hannover region. In the southern extremity of Germany the mountain ranges of the Bavarian Alps rise. The northern edge of the Alps is lower, consisting of a hilly area that extends to the Danube. Between it and the German Plain alternate mountainous massifs (Middle Mountains of Germany) and low depression.


In the northwest of Germany the oceanic effect is felt; to the east the climate is more continental. In the east the winters are colder. Odra and other rivers freeze 2 to 3 months. In Berlin, the average temperature in January is 1 degrees C, in July 19 degrees C, and in Hamburg in the same month it is 0 degrees C and 18 degrees C. The southern part of the country is warmer: in Munich in January there are 2 degrees C, in July 20 degrees C. In the mountains in the central area the amount of precipitation is 100-150cm per year.


36% of the surface of Germany is arable land, 16% grassland. In the mountains sheep and cattle are raised. The main agricultural lands are in the lower regions, especially the fertile plains south of the German Plain. The most favorable agricultural areas are in the Hannover, Braunschweig and Magdeburg regions. Near the big cities are grown vegetables. Some areas of the Rhine and Mosel valleys are significant wine regions. Tobacco, cereals and hops are grown in the south and barley in the north.


Germany is one of the world’s great industrial powers. The main industrial areas are the Ruhr region and some portions of the Rhine valley. The development of the steel and machine building industry is based on the extensive coal-bearing deposits with high quality coal. Numerous chemical plants were established here, the Rhine being an important transport route. The steel industry and the machine building industry are more developed in Bochum, Essen and Dortmund, and the textile industry in Wuppertal and Krefeld. The largest ports are: Hamburg, Bremen, Kiel.


75% of electricity is produced by thermal power plants and 19% by nuclear power plants. 450 million tonnes of lignite are extracted annually. It is used in power plants for the production of electricity, as well as for the production of raw materials. Germany supplies more than 25% of the world’s lignite production. Crude oil and methane gas are exported to Lower Saxony, Emsland.

Germany is also a producer of potassium salt.


The new capital is Berlin (3437900), although the government will not transfer its residence until 2000. Hamburg (1660700) is located in the estuary of the river Elba, being a huge port and a powerful industrial center. Munich (1236500) is the largest southern city, the capital of Bavaria.


Germany’s road network is 615178km, of which 226282km the national road. From the 41525km rail network, 16285km are electrified. In Germany there is the most important river route, the Rhine.

Share with the world

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on pinterest
Share on google
Share on reddit
Share on tumblr
Share on linkedin
Share on skype
Share on whatsapp
Share on telegram
Share on digg
Share on email

More Posts

stellar evolution

Stellar Evolution

STELLAR EVOLUTION Stellar evolution is the process by which a star changes over the course of time. Depending on the mass of the star, its

Read More »
the galaxy

The Galaxy

THE GALAXY In general, it can be said that the Universe is made up of stars and vacuum. But the stars are not scattered in

Read More »
greek roman art

Greek and Roman Art

GREEK AND ROMAN ART Unlike other ancient peoples, the Greeks, through their magnificent art, glorified humanity. The Romans, despite the fact that they were less

Read More »
the universe

The Universe

THE UNIVERSE The Universe encompasses everything that exists – matter, space, energy and time. Includes any star, planet or celestial body. The huge expanse of

Read More »
the eye

The Eye

​​THE EYE The eye has the role of providing information – in the form of colorful images – about the depth, distance and movement of

Read More »
the airplane

The Airplane

THE AIRPLANE The airplane is one of the great scientific achievements of the 20th century. The engineers were inspired by the study of nature flyers

Read More »

become part of our


Talk To Us & We’ll Talk To You!